photographs in this page are compliments of
Luz and Lenette Neumann.
(Lenette was Ivy's classmate at University)
Intramuros (derived from the Spanish meaning `within
the walls') was a walled city, practically a large fort, built in Manila by the Spaniards
shortly after the Spanish conquest of the Philippines. The area was flattened in the
second world war, and has since been completely rebuilt.